Another factor causing official reluctance to commemorate the raids was the legal fight for compensation launched by victims. Reasoning that since civilians had been targeted in war, they said that they deserved the same compensation as veterans. They argued that the wartime government was responsible for prolonging the war long after it was obvious that it couldn't be won.
This demand for compensation, which was never received, has some parallels with the present demand for compensation for land contaminated by radiation. In both cases, the amount owed is far beyond what any government could pay.
Despite the official neglect, a memorial in a Tokyo park was finally opened in 2001, and a small museum called the Center of the Tokyo Raids and War Damage opened in 2002 with private donations but no official support.
|Memorial of the air raid in Sumida Ward, Tokyo|
Ayako Mie. "New Map Shines Light on Tokyo Air Raid Horrors." The Japan Times. March 9, 2014. http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2014/03/09/national/new-map-shines-light-on-tokyo-air-raid-horrors/
Ida Torres. “Japanese government says 1945 Tokyo bombing was ‘against humanitarian principles.’” Japan Daily Press. May 7, 2013. http://japandailypress.com/japanese-government-says-1945-tokyo-bombing-was-against-humanitarian-principles-0728382/.